Term 4 - Beneath our feet and above our heads

How does the world around us change? Even things that we might consider immovable, such as mountains or rock formations are gradually changing. The Beneath Our Feet unit provides opportunities for students to explore how natural processes and human activity shape their surroundings. Students’ understanding of soils, rocks and landscapes and how they change over time is developed through hands-on science activities and investigations.

Our attention will then shift towards what causes night and day. The rising of the Sun and the Moon are daily reminders of the awe and wonder, beauty and power of the universe. Studying the relationships between the Sun, Earth and Moon helps us understand how we experience day and night on Earth. Students’ interest in the Earth’s place in space will be captured as they investigate the elements of our Solar System and Earth’s position within it.

Focus questions

  • What is the relationship between rocks, soil, and the environment?
  • How and why has the Earth’s surface changed over time?
  • How do we know when it is day and night? What might we see?

  • Why do we have day, night and different seasons?

  • Why might the Moon and Sun be in the sky at the same time?

  • What are the shapes, relative sizes and positions of the Sun, Earth and Moon?

  • How does Earth differ from other planets in the Solar System?

  • What is a Solar System? What lies beyond our Solar System?